Principles of Floral Design


The distribution of the floral arrangement’s overall material weight is referred to as its physical balance. The arrangement’s physical weight should appear evenly divided into both sides of an imagined central axis. In terms of weight and size, flowers and leaves are different. Therefore, it is crucial to recognize the variations to reorganize to keep the final arrangement stable and prevent it from toppling.

The balance that our eyes sense is referred to as visual balance. Visual balance comes in two flavors: symmetrical balance and asymmetrical balance.

It is possible to establish symmetrical balance by placing an equal number of identical materials on either side of the central axis. In formal situations, this kind of flower arrangement is frequently utilized.

To achieve asymmetrical balance, different pieces are positioned around a hypothetical axis but with equal visual weight on either side to retain the sense of balance. This kind of floral arrangement is typically more fashionable and relaxed.


Although there are two ways to understand scale, both are important in flower design.

The first interpretation speaks to how large the flower design is compared to its surroundings. A modest floral arrangement, for instance, might not be ideal in an ample, open space since it might be simple to miss.

Scale can also refer to the transition from one end of a spectrum to another by using a range of sizes (from small to large), colors (from light to dark), and textures (from soft to rough).


Scale and proportion are closely related concepts. While proportion focuses on the size relationship between one section of the floral design and another, scale concentrates on the size of the floral arrangement about its surroundings. We must ensure that the flowers, leaves, and accessories (such as the container) are in appropriate size and proportion. For example, the quantity of floral material should match the size of the container. The arrangement’s height should also be relevant to its width.

 Supremacy / Emphasis

Most floral designs should have a focal point, typically the major attraction that draws our eyes. Sharply contrasting elements in terms of size, color, or texture can be used to create dominance or emphasis.


Rhythm in floral design refers to an arrangement’s visual motion or flow. To create a sensation of movement or activity that connects the floral design from one place to another and back again, the eye should first be drawn to the focal point before being guided across the entire arrangement.


The juxtaposition of two different or incompatible items can create contrast. This serves to highlight or emphasize their distinctions. Difference enables a floral design element to stand out so we can recognize the focal point or the main flower arrangement component. Unlike dominance, contrast can be utilized in various design components, including flower and plant forms, colors, sizes, and textures.


If the previous six guiding principles are considered for the floral design, the final principle is more of an outcome. Harmony is established when the arrangement of the flowers, leaves, and accessories creates a pleasing visual experience.

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